Čištění zubů u psa

Jelikož Envy neměla zrovna zuby jako perličky, což přisuzuju jejímu nadměrnému slinění, začala jsem se o čištění zubů zajímat více. Některý pes má zuby krásné po celý život, některému se občas udělá zubní kámen, který si sám odstraní pomocí žvýkání něčeho tvrdého a jiný pes má zase se zuby problémy často. Jelikož jsem nějaké přípravky vyzkoušela a nějaké rady co mi byly dány realizovala, podělím se o svoje zkušenosti. Bohužel Vás úplně nepotěším, jelikož nám nepomohlo skoro nic až na….(dozvíte se v článku) Plak a zubní kámen proč vlastně vadí? Jak to vypadá?

14355006_10207220154765129_132018315755727098_nZubní plak naší Envy – pravidelně čištěno kartáčkem, bez účinku

granulecz-czZdroj: granulecz.cz, Zubní kámen

4191Zdroj http://rudolfmac.cz , zubní kámen 3 stupně, paradentoza

Zubní plak na zubech postupně mineralizuje a změní se v tvrdý zubní kámen. Na zubní kámen poté nasedají bakterie, které se dostávají dál do krevního oběhu a mohou se usadit na srdci nebo ledvinách a způsobovat problémy. Také je psovi velmi cítit z tlamy. Proto je důležité udržovat zoubky a dásně Vašeho psa čisté a zdravé.

Zápach z tlamy

Pokud Vašemu psu páchne z tlapy a nemá viditelný plak na zubech je možné, že se jedná o problém se špatným zažíváním, nechte raději psa vyšetřit. Pokud již plak nebo kámen má, zápach způsobují bakterie. Jak se tedy plaku a zápachu zbavit?

Žvýkání tvrdých věcí

Pokud pejsek nemá problémy se zoubky, postačí jako prevence mu čas od času dát tvrdý chleba, kost nebo nějaké to sušené ouško. Pes si žvýkáním mechanicky zuby čiští. Kostičky typu Pedigree dentastix atd. jsou měkké a těžko to budou obsahovat nějakou super zázračnou látku, která vám odstaní plak, tudíž moc nedoporučuju. Jako prevenci to ale lze použít. Ovšem pokud pes již kámen má, je to zbytečnost, měkká kostička nic neodstraní. Podobné věci často obsahují mentol, aby to osvěžilo dech, což psovi nechutná a navíc pes nepotřebuje dech osvěžit, nýbrž odstranit příčinu vzniku zápachu, což jsou bakterie na zubním kameni. Takže tedy jako prevence tvrdé věci na kousání a kontrolovat zuby – nejčastěji uvidíme kámen na špičácích nahoře u dásně. Pokud se objeví zažloutnutí zubů nebo kámen, tvrdé věci nestačí a je potřeba přejít k jiné metodě.

Kelpa – mořská řasa

Sušená mořská řasa se přidává psovi do jídla. Kelpa obsahuje jód a spousty minerálů jako je měď, železo, hořčík, vápník, draslík atd. Podporuje odstranění plaku a změkčuje zubní kámen, který jde pak lehce seškrábnout nehtem nebo lžičkou. Popřípadě pes kouše kosti a sám si kámen odloupne. Důležité je dát pozor u kelpy na dávkování, je tu riziko předávkování psa jódem. Podává se cca 3g na 10 kg váhy psa, ovšem každý výrobce to má uvedeno jinak. Někteří lidé kelpu vychvalují do nebes jak jim pomohla, mě u Envy vůbec. Plak nešel odstranit nijak lépe než předtím a to jí užívala měsíc každý den. Takže můžete zkusit a třeba zrovna Vám pomůže. Lepší je koupit kelpové vločky, prý účinkují lépe. 400g Kelpy stojí asi 200 Kč, ale vydrží vám to opravdu dlouho, cca rok.

kelpa

Přípravky do vody

Užívání je různé dle výrobce. Má odstaňovat zubní plak a zápach z tlamy. Tyto přípravky většinou zubní plak nedokážou rozmělnit, ale dobře odstraňují zápach z tlamy, což ale neřeší příčinu zápachu. Vhodné spíše jako podpůrná léčba k mechanickému čištění nebo jako prevence pro psy, kteří se zuby problém nemají. Ústní vody stojí kolem 200 Kč.

vet-aquadent-250mlOchranné gely

Jeden z dobrých gelů na zuby je Orozyme. Gel se nanáší na noc, aby mohl dlouho působit. Pomáhá rozmělnit zubní plak. Nanáší se prstem na zuby, dásně a sliznice. Není potřeba používat kartáček. Ovšem jako u všeho je potřeba poté rozmělněný plak ze zubů nějak odstanit, seškrábnout. Učinek u nás? Nic moc, plak šel dolů nepatrně lépe než bez používání gelu, ale žádný zázrak jsem nepozorovala. Opět dobré jako prevence, lehké na použití. Tubička stojí cca 180 Kč.

12361-1Zubní pasta a kartáček

Zde je již potřeba, aby pes více spolupracoval, jelikož pastou a kartáčkem se musí zajíždět i do zadu do tlamy a pes který na to neni zvyknutý držet nebude. Je potřeba na to psa učit postupně. Past na zuby je spousta od obyčejných po pasty s příchutěmi, enzymatické pasty, bělící atd. Já doporučuju alespoň enzymatickou pastu, která opět pomůže trošku rozmělnit plak. Nebo pastu od firmy TraumaPet, která obsahuje nanostříbro a stojí 200 Kč.  Jinak levné pasty jsou spíše taková pomůcka, psovi to chutná a soustředí se na tu chuť, líže jí a tím my máme čas k čištění.  Kartáčků na zuby psů je opět velká spousta, některé si zde popíšeme 🙂

Náprstek z mikrovlákna, pro tréning vhodné, ale moc to zuby nevyčistí.

n_70077-800x600Náprstek s kartáčkem. Většinou jsem narazila na tvrdé štětiny, což není vhodné pro dásně psa. Envy po vyčištění velmi  krvácely dásně. Pro páníčka lepší manipulace než s klasickým kartáčkem.

kartacek-na-pristik-800x600

Kartáček se dvěma konci, pro přední a zadní zoubky.

1830-1446-thickboxKartáček, který čistí zuby z vnitřní i vnější strany,  pozor na tvrdost štětin.n_55180-800x600Kartáček pro lidi s měkkými štětinami Curaprox, sama ho používám jak na svoje zuby, tak na zuby psa. Velmi jemný a vhodný – doporučuji. Ultra soft, Super soft.

esc-curaprox-5460-800x800

 

Video – nácvik čištění zubů, čištění kartáčkem

První je důležité, aby pes uměl ukazovat zuby a nebál se manipulace, poté až začneme s nácvikem kartáčku. Kartáček psovi ukážeme, nechápe očuchat, dáme mu ochutnat zubní pastu. Kartáček namočíme do vody, dáme pastu. Čistíme první špičáky a pak se posouváme směrem dozadu. Pokud pes nedrží, snažte se ho uklidit a odměňovat. Pak čištění ukončete a začněte zase zítra. Chce to trpělivost a čas.

Olejíček pro zdravé zuby a dásně

Tomuhle přípravku jsem vůbec nevěřila. Volila jsem ho jako poslední možnost před ultrazvukem. Je to  přípravek z 10ti přírodních látek. Zoubky se čistí pomocí tamponku a nebo prstem, nanáší se malé množství a masírují se s tím dásně a zoubky. Po týdnu jsem opravdu viděla rozdíl, kámen šel krásně dolů. Kůra se dělá 2x denně po dobu 14 dní a pak se dělá udržovací kůra 1x – 3x týdně dle stavu chrupu Vašeho psa. Naší Envy olejíček nechutná, má  takovou hnusnou pachuť, ale některým pejskům prý šmakuje. Účinek sami vidíte na fotce 🙂 Já jsem spokojená. Dle velikosti se cena pohybuje od 380 do 900 Kč. Investice tu je větší než u předešlých přípravků, ale opravdu vřele doporučuju. Rozmělní i poměrně silný zubní kámen. Tento olejíček uchránil Envy před narkózou. Více se dočtete a můžete objednat zde: www.dokonalalaska.cz

15179140_10207809474137745_3576751308031036840_nPrvní fotka na začátku, druhá po týdnu při aplikaci 2x denně

pro_zdrave_zuby_a_dasne_pro_psy_97x40-copy-500x500

Ultrazvuk

Čištení zubů ultrazvukem je nejspolehlivější řešení problémů se zubním kamenem a provádějí ho veterináři. Pes musí být v narkóze, tudíž před zákrokem musí 12 hodin lačnit. Samotná procedůra trvá cca 30 minut, ovšem pejsek stráví u veterináře cca 2 hodiny – uspání a následné probuzení. Cena je 1.000 – 2.000 dle veterináře. I po ultrazvukovém ošetření nemáte vyhráno, pes má zoubky sice opět jako perličky, ale plak a kámen se opět vrátí. Je důležitá prevence, protože nelze psa neustále zatěžovat narkózou.

dte-d7_led1

Zdroj: www.woodpecker.cz

Před vyčištení ultrazvukem:

dsc00224

Po:

dsc00227

Zdroj:http://www.veterinapruhonice.cz

 

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