DKK, DLK a RTG kloubů

    DKK (dysplazie kyčelního kloubu) a DLK (dysplazie loketního kloubu). Můžete se setkat i s anglickou zkratkou HD (Hip dysplasia) a ED (Elbow dysplasia). Je to chybný vývoj kloubu z části dědičný po rodičích, prarodičích atd. a z části způsobený vnějším prostředím. ČSV zdědil vlohu pro DKK a DLK po Německém ovčákovi.

Malá tabulka abysme věděli co zamenají čísla a písmenka:

DKK se většinou označuje písmeny A, B, ale někdy i čísly.. DLK se označuje čísly 0,1,…

DKK a DLK

A/A a 0/0              Negativní, pes nemá dysplazii

B/B a 1/1              Hraniční dysplazie

C/C a 2/2              Lehká dysplazie

D/D a 3/3              Střední dysplazie

E/E a 4/4              Těžká dysplazie

    DKK nebo DLK 3/3 a 4/4 již NESMÍ do chovu! Na slovensku jsou poněkud přísnější a do chovu nepouští ani 2/2. S tím já naprosto souhlasím, pokud to není pes extrémních kvalit nebo výborného rodokmenu a jeho sourozenci nejsou nebo nemůžou být uplatněni v chovu.

Dysplazie se může objevit i na jednom kloubu, nebo je na kloubech v různých stupní např 0/1 nebo 2/3.

Dědičnost

    Právě kvůli dědičnosti, které se přisuzuje asi 70%, se psi se střední a těžkou dysplazií do chovu nepouští. Dle statistik pokud mají oba rodiče DKK A/A je pouze 20 % šance, že jejich štěňata budou mít DKK horší. Pokud jsou oba rodiče DKK B/B je už 80% šance na špatné klouby. Ovšem genetika je mocná čarodějka a dokáže i po čistých rodičích a prarodičích vykouzlit u psa například DKK 2/2. Ovšem tu je třeba se zamyslet, zda je to opravdu genetika a nebo je to dáno jedincem, úrazem, stravou, zátěží atd. Čím byla dysplazie způsobená u vašeho psa se bohužel přesně zjistit nedá. V chovu se  řeší spíš dysplazie kyčelního kloubu. Dysplazie loketních kloubů není tak častá a většina psů má DLK 0/0.

Vnější faktory

    Co se týče vnějších faktorů pro vznik dysplazie, jsou to různá onemocnění pohybového aparatu. Dále je to strava a pohyb. Štěně by mělo jíst vyváženě, málo minerálů, ale i nadmíra, zvláště vápníku a vitamínu D není v růstu dobrá. Pokud budete krmit kvalitními granulemi a nebo pestře krmit barfem, nemusíte se obávat, že by mělo štěně málo vápníku. Někdo dává psům doplněk jídla vhodný pro klouby, ale pokud je pes v pořádku, není třeba nic přidávat. (Pokud pes již DKK diagnostikovanou má, v tom případě určitě podávat kloubní preparáty.) Pozor na velký pohyb u štěňat, zbytečně je nepřepínat! Do 6 měsíců, někdo říká až do roka, by neměl mít pes těžký pohyb. Věk do 9 měsíců je nejdůležitější pro vývoj chrupavek. Někdo to bere až moc vážně a nosí psa ze schodů do  půl roka, nedovolí mu běhat atd.  Spíš se vyhnětete skákání – překážky, dlouhému běhu po tvrdém povrchu, dlouhým únavným procházkám, tahání na postroji atd.

800px-Normal_canine_hips800px-Bilateral_hip_dysplasia

         RTG čistých KK                        RTG kloubů s dysplazií                             (zdroj:Wikipedie)

RTG kvůli uchovnění

    RTG  se dělá od 15. měsíců věku psa. Pes je nalačno, jelikož při RTG je v narkóze. Napíchnou mu kanylu a uvedou ho do narkózy, pak pejska přendáte na stůl. Majitel pomáhá při držení končetin. Po zrentgenování jsem odešla do čekárny, výsledky byli do půl hodinky a Envy nám vrátili již probuzenou. Doma by měl být pes v klidu, hodně pít a jídlo dát klidně až druhý den. Je tu riziko torze žaludku (přetočení), při narkóze vše v těle ,,ochabne´´ a trvá, než se vše vrátí do normálu. Kvůli RTG doporučuju jet přímo k vyhodnocovateli DKK jelikož na některých veterinách poskytnou nekvalitní snímky a ty jsou poté vyhodnoceny hůře než je realita. Nakonec dostanete výsledky. Seznam vyhodnocovatelů ZDE

13100854_1086502434742470_3863213769877938347_n13133114_1086502431409137_6595658263930357134_n

    Pokud je Váš pes A/A  a nebo 0/0 jedině dobře. Ovšem neznamená, že pokud má pes A/A v 15. měsích, bude je mít i v 5 letech. Pes, kor se kterým se denně pracuje, bude mít klouby ve stáří již opotřebované. Pokud má již mladý pes B/B, nezoufejte, alespoň víte na čem jste. Doporučuje se psa v tomto případě extrémně nešetřit. Neležet s ním doma a nebát se, že se to zhorší. Právě proto, že vím, že už tam hraniční dysplazie je, se psem sportuji, ideální je plavání, klus po měkkém terénu. Pokud bude pes nasvalený, nebude mít problémy s chůzí ani ve vyšším věku.Svaly budou kloub držet. Pokud vím, že pes již dysplazii má, doporučuje se přidávat do jídla kloubní výživa. U psa s dysplazií kde vidíme, že obtížně vstává nebo si šetří jednu nohu je vhodné, aby byl v teple a podávat kloubní výživu (chondroprotektiva), psa nepřepínat, chodit s ním na kratší, ale třeba častější procházky.

    Pokud vás dysplazie zajímá více pak ZDE nebo ZDE. Na internetu najdete další články týkající se DKK.

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