Socializace

,,Socializace je osvojení a postupné rozvíjení základních forem chování, které umožní bezproblémové začlenění psa do psí i lidské společnosti´´

Se socializací začíná už chovatel a ukazuje štěňátku ostatní lidi, další psy, děti a jiná zvířata. Socializace defakto nikdy nekončí. Pro každého psa je socializace velmi důležitá a pro ČSV 2x tolik. Veterináři doporučují chodit se psem ven až po kompletním očkování, to však propásnete hlavní období pro socializaci, které je do 12. týdnů. Proto se štěňátkem choďte ven, ikdyž nemá kompletní očkování, pouze se vyhněte velkému množství psů, parkům pro psy atd.

Jak psa socializovat?

Ukazujte mu svět. První doma –  domácí spotřebiče jako mixér, pračka, televize, rádio nebo vysavač. Nechte spadnout misku na zem nebo pokličku, aby se štěně nebálo provozu v domácnosti.

Prohlížejte psa, osahávejte ho, žádný Váš dotyk by mu neměl být nepříjemný. Měl by si nechat vše zkontrolovat, vytáhnout klíště, ošetřit ránu. Když drží chvalte ho, mazlete se s ním u toho.

I nepříjemné věci musí umět zvládnout, trénujte česání psa od mala obyčejným hřebínkem, který netahá a odměňujte ho. ČSV má podsadu, v době línání bude vyčesávání  jeho a Váš denní chleba.

Učte ho jezdit výtahem nebo mu ukažte schody. Pokud byste ho vynášeli, může s tím mít v pozdějším věku problém.

Jízda autem, autobusem, vlakem nebo metrem. Pes by měl jízdu zvládat a nebát se. Učte ho to od mala. Naše Envy (slyšela jsem i o dalších ČSV) nemá ráda auto, proto opravdu doporučuju jezdit se štěňátkem často. Ne pouze na veterinu, aby neměl spojené auto = veterina.

Děti – kříčí, rychle se pohybují a tudíž jsou velmi zajímavé. Pokud máte doma dítě je to velká výhoda. Pokud ne, ukazujte štěňátku děti, ale dejte pozor pokud si ho půjdou mazlit.

Nezvyklé věci – velký kámen, sochu, loď, kolo, skateboad, stan. Na videu je Envy a loď, chodíme tudy skoro denně a nejednou se tam objevilo cosi velkého 😀

Eskalátory – ono kromě Pražáků a lidí co bydlí v blízkosti Prahy to moc lidí nevyužije, ale je to dobrá forma socializace .

Zvuky co se hýbou – traktor, vlak, stíhačka, sanitka.

Rány z pistole, projíždějící motorka, ohňostroj, festival, dělají někdy problém. I součástí bonitace je výstřel. Zkuste na to psa připravit, někteří psi se opravdu bojí, ač rána tak hlasitá není. I v normálním provozu se může stát, že pes uslyší velkou ránu, může se leknout, ale né jančit a chtít utéct pryč.

Nošení košíku, postroje, botiček. I psa je někdy potřeba ,,obléci´´. Envy měla košík na sobě celkem 3x a tudíž když ho má dlouho tak ho nechce a mlátí mě s ním do nohy 😀 Postroj také nosí často, baví jí tahat, ale oblíkat se do postroje úplně nesnáší.

Ukažte mu jiné psy, feny – malé, velké, spíše ze začátku ty hodné a později i ty co štěkají a vrčí. Nechte štěňátko si s nimi hrát.

Naučte štěně ale i to, že hrát si s každým nemůže. Né všichni psi jsou přátelští, proto se Vám bude hodit, když se naučíte se psem v klidu míjet s ostatní psy. Chce to trénovat pomaličku, zaujmout ho pamlskem nebo hračkou a projít kolem a chválit za sebemenší úspěch. Ostatní psi jsou velké lákadlo.

Nechte štěně mazlit od cizích lidí, využijte toho, že je štěňátko roztomilé, klidně dejte lidem i pamlsky, ať štěňátko ví, že lidé jsou dobří a nemusí se jich bát. Na videu jsem použila nejčastejší dotaz co majitele ČSV slýchají ,,To je Husky?´´ 😀

Voda. Hodně ČSV se ve vodě pouze brzdá, někteří zase vodu milují. Naše Envy chodí do vody po břicho, plave když plavu s ní. Netáhejte psa do vody, neházejte ho do ní. Když nechce, tak nechce. Můžete zkusit tam jít s ním třeba jenom po kolena. Envy poprvé plavala až ve třičtvrtě roce. Předtím chodila jenom po břicho.

Někteří lidé psa neberou na rušná místa plná lidí a když pak pes v dospělosti na taková místa příjde, má strach. Je vhodné psa socializovat na davy lidí a také na to, že se ho občas někdo dotkne a nebo mu šplápne na nohu. Né vždy to uhlídáte.

 

Co dělat když se pes něčeho bojí?

Na videu se Envy bojí velkého papírového psa, schválně jsem ještě dupla pro větší efekt. Tak dlouho kolem něho bude chodit, až zjistí, že se není čeho bát a pak jako velká hrdinka odběhne s ocasem na horu 😀 ale na videu jí  nakonci  zaujal pejsek opravdový. Když se štěňátko něčeho bojí, jděte pomalu k dané věci, sáhněte na ní, zabouchejte a proneste třeba ,,diť to nic není´´. Pokud jde pejsek blíže sám chvalte ho. ČSV jsou velmi zvědavý a jdou se většinou hned podívat. Pokud má štěně opravdu z něčeho strach, třeba projít davem lidí, zkoušejte první méně lidí a pomalu se k nim přibližujte, nespěchejte, řiďte se štěňátkem, do ničeho ho nenuťte. Pokud se začne bát hodně, vraťte se do vzdálenosti kde se nebojí, odměňte a zkuste to zase zítra. Není potřeba tlačit na pilu. Pokud budete danou věc stále opakovat, zvykne si na ní.

Jsou tu popsané takové základní situace, pokud todle vše pejskovi ukážete, nebude pak mít problém jít do města mezi lidi, jet s Vámi vlakem nebo nebude jančit, když nad Vámi proletí stíhačka. Toho jsem byla sama svědkem, pes se vytrhnul majitelce a pelášil bůh ví kam. Tahejte psa všude s sebou, on se všemu naučí a navíc může být s Vámi, za co je rád nejvíce.

Pavla Bouzková, DiS.

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