Uchovnění – Bonitace

Uchovnění psa

Někteří lidí si  myslí, že pokud mají psa s průkazem původu, můžou mít rovnou štěňata . Najdou si  nějakého psa nebo fenku a hurá do toho. Tak to ale bohužel nefunguje. I když vlastně ano, ale štěňata takto vzniklá by nikdy nedostala průkaz původu.

Aby pes s PP mohl mít opět potomky s PP musí být uchovněn.      A co tedy k uchovění potřebuju? Psa 😀 , peníze, čas a chuť.

Aby mohl být ČSV uchovněn musí mít :

DNA profil – odběr krve, který  pošlete do laboratoře schválené klubem (cca 1.000 Kč). Dostanete e-mailem výsledek kterému nebudete rozumět, ale pro budoucnost chovu jsou to důležitá písmenka a číslice.

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  • RTG kyčlí a loktů s výsledkem 0/0, 1/1, 2/2 (A/A, B/B ,C/C) pes s horším výsledkem nemůže být uchovněn (cena dle posuzovatatele cca 4.000) (více o kyčlích zde)

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  • Musí projít takzvanou bonitací, kde se posuzuje vzhled a povaha psa. Někteří psi nemůžou být chovní – např. chybí jim určité zuby, mají zálomek na ocasu, nesplňují minimální výšku, neprojdou u bonitace povahou. Po bonitaci dostanete Bonitační kartu. (cena bonitace cca 800 Kč, záleží zda jste nebo nejste členem klubu)

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  • Odběr krve na Dwarfismus a Degenerativní myelopatii (cca 1.800 Kč) (více zde)

Bez názvu

K tomu abyste mohli psa uchovnit a použít do chovu si tedy musíte připravit částku cca 7.500 Kč. Na bonitaci jde pes již s DNA profilem a výsledkem RTG a nebo je později pošlete poštou.

Bonitace

            Bonitace se smí zůčastnit pes nebo fena od 18. měsíce věku. Ráno se dělá přejímka psů – PP, výsledků testů, atd. Pak se čeká. V jednom kruhu se dělá svod mladých a v druhém bonitace (ZDE). Pak je na řadě bonitace, první chodí psi, pak feny, nakonec chodí fenky co hárají.  Jdete do kruhu (říká se tomu kruh, ale je to spíš čtvrerec 😀 ), jako první se kontulují zuby.

                                                 Skus zepředu

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                          Zuby ze strany, jedna a pak druhá strana

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                       A otevřená tlama, to dělá psům největší problémy

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       Ukazování zubů se Vám bude hodit i při návštěvě veteriny a na výstavách 🙂

Dále se u psů kontrolují varlata. Následně si pes stoupne na pevnou podložku, kde se změří kohoutková výška (feny minimálně 60cm, psi 65 cm). Pes by měl stát v klidu . Zkontroluje se délka ocasu, poté se měří různé části těla:

Bonitace

     Něco se měří krejčovským metrem, něco pěvným měřidlem (viz obrázek).  Po měření se ukáže pes v pohybu, běží se dokola kolem bonitační komise, pak od komise a ke komisi. Poté odcházíte z kruhu a čekáte než se změří ostatní psi, pak se v tom samém pořadí chodí na zkoušku povahy.

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Envy je na fotkách trošku zpruzelá, dlouho čekala a pak jí ještě někdo obtěžuje s měřením princeznu 😆 .

Zkouška povahy (zkopírováno z www.cswolfdog.cz a trošku upraveno). Na zkoušku povahy doporučuju na psa postroj, kšíry.

Samotná zkouška povahy se skládá z pěti na sebe navazujících částí:

  1. a) Skupina osob

Psovod vstupuje se psem do kruhu, přistupuje ke dvěma civilním osobám stojícím ve vzdálenosti cca 1,5 m od sebe, se kterými psovod naváže kontakt (rozhovor). Po chvíli přistupují do skupiny další dvě civilní osoby. Tyto dvě osoby zaujmou takovou pozici, že se psovod se psem nachází v uzavřeném čtverci tvořeném čtyřmi civilními osobami. Psovod se psem projde skupinou osob,poté se za skupinou otočí a projde středem skupiny  a pokračuje bez zastavení dále na označené místo.

  1. b) Přepadení za přítomnosti psovoda

Psovod se psem se přesune k označenému místu. Psovod drží psa u levé nohy na krátkém vodítku + je pes přivázán ke kolíku řetězem, pro všechny případy. Na povel bonitační komise proti psovodovi vyjde figurant, který se zastaví ve vzdálenosti cca 4 kroky před psovodem. Po krátkém rozhovoru figuranta s psovodem přecházejícím do hádky, vykoná figurant krátký útok, přičemž psovod stojí na místě a pouští psa na délku vodítka.

  1. c) Přepadení psa bez přítomnosti psovoda

Psovod odchází do úkrytu. Na povel bonitační komise ke psovi přistupuje figurant, který zopakuje útok (nedochází ke kontaktu se psem). Po útoku se figurant odchází ukrýt mimo dohled psa, kde setrvá až do ukončení zkoušky povahy.

  1. d) Reakce na nárazový zvuk – výstřel

Výstřel následuje několik sekund po útoku figuranta, bez přítomnosti psovoda. Pomocník, který střílí, je ve vzdálenosti cca 50 kroků od psa. (Střelba je nyní až na konci, úpravu udělám, hned jak bude změna na stránkách klubu. Na nové bonitaci jsem nebyla a nevím jak to probíhá.)

  1. e) Kontrola útlumu psa

Po vykonání útoku a střelby prochází kolem psa civilní osoba ve vzdálenosti cca 2 m mimo dosah psa na úvazu. Tato osoba psa při průchodu nijak neovlivňuje, ani jej nesleduje pohledem. Po jejím průchodu se na pokyn bonitační komise ke psovi vrací psovod. Tímto je zkouška povahy ukončená.

Pokud pes projde bonitací, dostane bonitační kod viz tabulka. Zcela upřímě, během těch pár minut si komise nestihne všimnout všeho. Někdy má pes prostě špatnou náladu a nesedne mu prostředí a povaha je hodnocena špatně, je možné projít 1x rebonitací.

Jak rozumět bonitačním kódům

Bonitační tabulka ZDE.

Envy má bonitační kód: As Of P1 – tudíž dle tabulky                     As – Standartní výška                                                                       Of – Povaha sangvinik – ovladatelný,vyrovnaný                               P1 – Soulad se standardem výborný (již se nepoužívá)

Toto je nejkratší bonitační kód. Pokud se přidají další věci ke kódu jde o nedostatky. Např.E3 – tmavé oči nebo F2 – dlouhé uši. Pod tabulkou jsou napsané vylučující vady (v tabulce jsou označeny kurzívou). Povahy f, g, h, jsou nejlepší, povahy Oa a Oe nesmí do chovu – moc bázlivý a agresivní pes. Já jsem v tomdle taková striktní a nepoužila bych psa ani s povahou Ob.

Dále dle naměřených hodnonot patří k bonitačnímu kódu Indexy. Envy má Xv 53,1 Xf 106,3. Ovšem indexům jsem nikdy moc nerozuměla a ani mě nebavilo je zkoumat, tudíž o nich víc říct nemůžu. Pokud pes špatně stojí, je prohnutý nebo vypnutý bude mít indexy jiné než je skutečnost. Pokud se bude pes měřít ráno a pak večer opět to bude jiné. Pro mě indexy nic nevypovídají o psu  a v bonitačním kódu na ně vůbec nekoukám.

Soulad se standardem označení P1, P3, P5 se od poloviny roku 2016 nepoužívá. Envy by nyní už měla kód pouze As Of. Jelikož i nádherný pes, který měl špatně naměřené indexy dostal P5, což trošku kazilo celkový dojem.

Video z bonitace naší Envy:

Uchovnění na Slovensku

ČSV je národní plemeno obou zemí jak ČR tak SR. Slováci mají ale jiný požadavky k uchovnění.

  • Bonitace – stejná jako máme my s tím rozdílem, že psi se zůčastňují až ve 24 měsích, feny v 18.měsících jako u nás (při svodu nedostávají kód ale pouze hodnocení Velmi nadějný atd.)
  • RTG – mají pouze rentgeny kyčlí, nikoliv loktů. U nich značené jako DBK (bedrový klb), smí se rentgenovat od 1 roku a do chovu se pouští max B/B.
  • SVP -Splněná vytrvalostně pracovní zkouška –  pes musí uběhnout  40 km, majitel jede většinou na kole, psi smí běžet od 1 roku.
  • Výstava – musí podstoupit alespoň jednu výstavu doporučenou klubem (Evropská výstava ČSV nebo klubová), výsledek výstavy nemá vliv na chovnost. Jde pouze o výstavní zhodnocení.

Pavla Bouzková, DiS.

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