Výcvik

Upozorňuji, že nejsem výcvikář, cvičák jsem navštěvovala pouze půl roku. Na nás s Envy byla výcviková hodina příliž dlouhá, Envy už to pak nebavilo a tak si cvičíme samy pro sebe.

S výcvikem můžete začít třeba ve 4 měsících, klidně i později. Štěňátko vychovávejte, učte ho, socializujte ho, výcvik počká. Není dobré štěně zahltit miliony povelů. Spíše mít základy, které procvičovat a pilovat k dokonalosti.

Pravidla výcviku:

  • První pravidlo je řeknu povel = splnění povelu. Povel neopakujeme, čekáme na splnění, popřípadě psovi do správné pozice pomůžeme
  • Cvičíme krátce 5 minut a dost
  • Jděte cvičit např. na louku, první v méně rušném prostředí, později i v rušnejším
  • Pokud se učení cviku nedaří, přestaňte a zkuste ho třeba za dva dny, psovi se to rozleží v hlavě a půjde mu to lépe
  • Chvalte psa, ČSV milují drbání na hrudníku.
  • Povely říkejte všichni v rodině stejně, jasně, hlasitě a s dobrou intonací
  • Pokud to psovi nejde, nezlobte se na něj
  • Výcvik vždy zakončete povedeným povelem
  • Cvičíme na obojku nikoliv na postroji, já používám klasický, ale klidně použijte polostahovák nebo stahovák
  • Psa to musí bavit, proto ho nebijeme a nenutíme ho cvičit půl hodiny v kuse
  • Mějte vždy na paměti, že ČSV není belgický ani neměcký ovčák, nebude rychle reagovat na povely, ani je dělat s velkým nadšením

Co je základ?

Oční kontakt – při každém podívání se do očí a né na ruku s pamlskem pes dostane odměnu. Použijete při dalších povelech.DSC_8936                          Na fotce Eron, Envy bráška s páníčkem

Sedni, lehni, vstaň – na videu je lehni, vstaň, sedni 😀 Jak naučit psa dané povely popřípadě najdete na youtube, ale myslím, že to zvládne každý sám.

Lehni, oční kontakt, pamlsek, vstaň – zde chybí oční kontakt, pamlsek, sedni, oční kontakt, pamlsek. Pokud pes povely umí, není třeba dávat za každý povel pamlsek, stačí na celou serii.

Ke mě – Alfa a omega celého výcviku. ČSV se 100% přivoláním je jen pár, ale dá se to zvládnout. Při povelu ke mě pes přiběhne k páníčkovi a předsedne, tudíž si sedne. Na začátku trénujte bez předsednutí, to není potřeba, hlavně že chodí k Vám. Zavolejte jméno a pak ke mě. Pokud pes čuchá, je něcím zaujatý, volejte pouze jméno, až se bude více soustředit na Vás zavolejte ,,ke mě´´. Jednou řečený povel = splněný povel. Bude se Vám zdát jak máte šikovné štěně a jak to  krásně umí, v 5 měsích ale změníte názor 😀 Pokud pes na zavolání nechodí použijte stopovačku, kterou vidíte na videu. Dlouhé vodítko, které pes courá za sebou, myslí si že ho můžete ovládat a lépe poslouchá. Zavoláte ,,ke mě´´, pokud pes nepříjde, jemně zatáhněte k sobě a odměníte. Stopovačka se postupně stříhá, tedy krátí, až nakonec zbyde jen karabina. Pes si pořád myslí, že za sebou tahá stopovačku, ale už jí nemá. Naučit psa přivolání trvá dlouho, neztrácejte naději a nepoužívejte na psa elektrický obojek. Nikdy nevíte jak pes na výboj zareaguje. Přivolání je nejdůležitější povel, trénujte ho nejčastěji.

Jméno, povel ,,ke mě´´, předsednutí psa, oční kontakt, odměna. Pes na stopovačce, naše začátky

K noze – hodně lidí používá povel k noze jako povel ke mě, což na jednu stranu nevadí, na druhou stranu na cvičáku v tom pak bude mít zmatek. Při povelu ,,k noze´´ se pes řadí k noze, je jedno jestli stojíte nebo jestli jdete. Řazení je dvojí – buď obloučkem, to dělá Envy a nebo přiřazením přímo k noze. Vyberte si jedno a to používejte. Při chůzi u nohy s povelem ,,k noze´´ by se na Vás měl pes dívat, ale ČSV opravdu není německý ovčák, buďte rádi, že jde 😀 Pes se vždy řadí k levé noze, tak je to dané, na cvičáku vždy u levé a při skládání zkoušek taky. Já mám Envy naučenou na povel ,,k pravé´´, když je potřeba, jde tedy u pravé nohy.

K noze – obloučkem, oční kontakt, odměna. Přiřazení Envy neumí, ale natočím video s Dorkou 🙂 Pozor! Aby to někoho nemátlo, tak Envy se zde řadí k noze pravé, kvůli kameře, dostala tedy povel ,,k pravé´

Při chůzi u nohy opět psovi dáváme povel ,,k noze´´, dle potřeby zopakujeme. Pes by neměl na vodítku táhnout. Když pes začne táhnout, zastavíme, dáme povel ,,k noze´´ a rozejdeme se. Opakujeme pořád dokola, možná budete vypadat jako blbci, ale přináší to ovoce. Dá se použít i stahovák jako korekce, přitáhnu psa a opět dám povel ,,k noze´´. Já jsem zastáncem pozitivní metody výcviku, ovšem osvědčila se mi metoda ,,cukru a biče´´ Nesposlechne – vynadám jí, vyvádí a táhne jako blbec – dostane přes prdel. Ano já biju svého psa a někdy trhám i maso 😀

Chůze u nohy na prověšeném vodítku

Zůstaň a Stůj

Povel ,,zůstaň´´ někteří kynologové nepoužívají, jelikož když dám psovi povel lehni, má v něm zůstat, až dokud nedostane jiný povel a to i v případě, že odejdu,  tomu se říká odložení. Pak máme odložení v leže, v sedě a ve stoje. Mě na cvičáku povel zůstaň učili a tak ho používám. Používám povel ,,zůstaň´´ s tím, že si můžu něco uložit do tašky, odejít o kousek dál a ona zůstává na místě. Povel ,,stůj´´ už není vůbec kynologický povel. Používám ho, když je na volno a nechci aby šla ke mě, ale aby na mě počkala. Také ho využívám u silnic, než se rozhlídnu.

Povel stůj a zůstaň

Je spousta dalších povelů, tohle jsou ovšem ty nejzákladnější, které se hodí pokud je pes umí. Pokud máte zájem o výcvik na cvičáku, poptejte se majitelů ČSV kam chodí oni, ne na každém cvičáku vítají Čévéčko s nadšením. Často s nimi také neumí pracovat.

Článek o naučení základních povelů ZDE

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